The Basic Tea Types
Illustration - Tea Types Whether you're an experienced tea aficionado or just beginning to explore the wonderful world of tea, knowing the basics can help you in choosing, purchasing, enjoying and cooking with tea. Learn some new facts about tea and...
Whether you're an experienced tea aficionado or just beginning to explore the wonderful world of tea, knowing the basics can help you in choosing, purchasing, enjoying and cooking with tea. Learn some new facts about tea and impress your friends with your expert knowledge!
Basic Tea Types: The four main types of tea are black, green, white and oolong tea. All four are made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant, but they are processed differently, resulting in distinctive colors and flavor profiles, as well as varying caffeine levels. All other teas (including rooibos, herbal teas, and others) are made from other plants and herbs, not from the tea-plant.
Black Tea: One of the three basic types of tea and the most commonly found, black tea is also the most processed type of tea, since it is fermented. Black tea usually has the highest caffeine content. Black tea may be found alone or blended with other herbs and flavorings: Earl Grey is a popular black tea blended with bergamot.
Brew time: 2-3 minutes
Green Tea: To produce green tea, tea leaves are picked, dried, and then heat-treated (either roasted or steamed) to prevent fermentation. Green tea is very popular, especially in Asia, and has been touted for numerous health benefits, including lowering cholesterol and blood pressure, promoting brain health, combatting Alzheimer's disease, promoting relaxation and aiding weight loss. Green tea contains less caffeine than black tea or coffee, making it a good choice for people who do not tolerate high levels of caffeine well.
Brew time: 1 minute
Oolong Tea: Oolong tea is processed similarly to green tea, but the leaves are bruised by shaking after they are picked, and the tea is partially fermented. Oolong tea is full-bodied and sweet, with a golden color. Its caffeine content typically falls somewhere between green and black tea.
Brew time: 3 minutes
White Tea: White tea is made from the young leaves and buds of the Camellia sinensis plant, and is the least processed of all teas. White tea contains very little caffeine and is known for its delicacy and mild sweetness.
Brew time: 4-5 minutes
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